Assalamu alaikum wa rehmatullahi wa barakatuh
Or is like the darkness in a vast deep sea, overwhelmed with a great wave topped by a great wave, topped by dark clouds, darkness, one above another, if a man stretches out his hand, he can hardly see it! And he for whom Allah has not appointed light, for him there is no light.(24:40)
The verse is about the deeds of disbelievers who must be having their own body,their hands and their organs,but the conditions would be such that they would be unable to see them even if they try hard.There be nothing for them.
May Allah protect us from every such thing.
Quran is the Book revealed Allah so everything mentioned is 100% correct when viewed from any perspective.
There are many scientific points here:
1.Denial of emission theory:
Light is necessary to visualize objects and the presence of eyes does not mean one could see.
It denies the earlier concept of emission of light by the eyes helping us to see things.
According to this verse,a person can not see because there is no light for him by Allah.It means that the presence of eyes is not necessary to visualize something and so the light is NOT emitted by the eyes.
2.Causes of darkness: Electromagnetic absorption + Reflection of sunlight + Limited refraction of sunlight:
Clouds and the sea water,in a stormy weather,are contributing to darkness.
As such, for a thick rain-bearing cloud, most sunlight is either reflected or absorbed before reaching the cloud base.Read more
Some of the light is also absorbed.Both of these factors contribute to darkness.
Sea water and the sunlight:
The light does not reach to the bottom.
3.The Cumulonimbus clouds and the Aphotic zone of the oceans:
Darknesses one above another– there are darknesses even below all that and above all these.
Depending on how aphotic zone is defined, the aphotic zone of the ocean begins between depths of roughly 200 m (660 ft) to 1,000 m (3,300 ft), and extends to the ocean floor.Read more
Wave over wave -These could be;
The internal waves:
Most people think of waves as a surface phenomenon, which acts between water (as in lakes or oceans) and the air. Where low density water overlies high density water in the ocean, internal waves propagate along the boundary. They are especially common over the continental shelf regions of the world oceans and wherebrackish water overlies salt water at the outlet of large rivers. There is typically little surface expression of the waves, aside from slick bands that can form over the trough of the waves.Read more.
The rouge waves.
It is common for mid-ocean storm waves to reach 7 metres (23 ft) in height, and in extreme conditions such waves can reach heights of 15 metres (49 ft). However, for centuries maritime folklore told of the existence of much larger waves — up to 30 metres (98 ft) in height (approximately the height of a 10-story building) — that could appear without warning in mid-ocean, against the prevailing current and wave direction, and often in perfectly clear weather. Such waves were said to consist of an almost vertical wall of water preceded by a trough so deep that it was referred to as a “hole in the sea”; a ship encountering a wave of such magnitude would be unlikely to survive the tremendous pressures exerted by the weight of the breaking water, and would almost certainly be sunk in a matter of seconds or minutes.Read more